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FAQ Personal Property Taxation
What is Personal Property? What do I include on my personal property return? What is the date that I am liable for ownership? What if I don't file my personal property return in succeeding years? What personal property is exempt? Will I be audited to insure I return all my Personal Property? What happens if I don't file my tax return?
48-1-2 (22) Personal Property Defined "Tangible Personal Property" means personal property which may be seen, weighed, measured, felt, touched or which is in any other manner perceptible to the senses. 48-5-3 Taxable Property All real property including, but not limited to leaseholds, interests less than fee, and all personal property shall be liable to taxation and shall be taxed, except as otherwise provided by law. Liability of property for taxation shall not be affected by the individual or corporate character of the property owner or by the resident or nonresident status of the property owner. 48-5-10 Returnable Property All property shall be returned by the taxpayers for taxation to the tax commissioner or tax receiver as provided by law. Each return by a taxpayer shall be for property held and subject to taxation on January 1 next preceding each return. 1954-56 Op. Att'y Gen. A person resident in this state on January 1 but for only part of the year is liable for ad valorem taxation for the entire year, since there is no provision for prorating of taxes. 1954-56 Op. Att'y Gen. Owner must return and pay tax for a given year on property owned on January 1 of that year, even if subsequently sold, but is not required to return or pay tax for that year on property bought after January 1. 1958-59 Op. Att'y Gen A dealer engaged in business in one county on January 1 who, subsequent to that date, removes his business to another county is liable under O.C.G.A. 48-5-16 to the first county for ad valorem taxes on all personal property of whatever kind, connected with or used in such business. The fact that the property was moved from the county after January 1 would not relieve the owner from taxation in the county in which they were located on January 1. 48-5-20 Failure to Return Property Any taxpayer of any county who returned or paid taxes in the county for the preceding tax year who fails to return his property for taxation for the current tax year as required by this chapter shall be deemed to have returned for taxation the same property as was returned or deemed to have been returned in the preceding tax year at the same valuation as the property was finally determined to be subject to taxation in the preceding year. Each such taxpayer shall also be deemed to have claimed the same homestead exemption and personal property exemption as allowed in the preceding year, except for freeport. 48-5-42 Exempt Personal Property All personal clothing and effects, household furniture, furnishings, equipment, appliances, and other personal property used within the home, if not held for sale, rental or other commercial use, shall be exempt from all ad valorem taxation. All tools and implements of trade of manual laborers shall be exempt from all ad valorem taxation in an amount not to exceed $2500.00 in actual value and all domestic animals shall be exempt from all ad valorem taxation in an amount not to exceed $300.00 in actual value. 48-5-42.1 Personal Property Tax Exemption for Property Valued at $7500.00 or Less It is the intent of this Code section to exempt from the payment of ad valorem taxation certain tangible personal property in which the tax due not to exceed the reasonable cost of administering and collecting the tax. All tangible personal property of a taxpayer, except motor vehicles, trailers, and mobile homes, shall be exempt from all ad valorem taxation if the actual fair market value of the total amount of taxable tangible personal property owned by the taxpayer within the county, as determined by the board of tax assessors, does not exceed $7500.00. 48-5-299 Ascertainment of taxable property; assessments against unreturned property; penalty for unreturned property; penalty in certain counties. It shall be the duty of the county board of tax assessors to investigate diligently and to inquire into the property owned in the county for the purpose of ascertaining what real and personal property is subject to taxation. The board shall make such investigation as may be necessary to determine the value of any property upon which for any reason all taxes due the state or the county have not been paid in full as required by law. In all cases where the full amount of taxes due the state or county has not been paid, the board shall assess against the owner, if known, and against the property, if the owner is not known, the full amount of taxes which has accrued and which may not have been paid at any time within the statute of limitations. In all cases where taxes are assessed against the owner of property, the board may proceed to assess the taxes against the owner of the property according to the best information obtainable; and such assessment, if otherwise lawful, shall constitute a valid lien against the property so assessed. Judicial Decisions - What Valuation Methods Authorized The tax assessors may use any system, method, cadastral survey, books, available lists of valuations of types of property, city valuations or other instruments or other information obtainable, provided such information is the best information available in their fixing of just and fair valuation of the property assessed, and provided that the taxation as between individual taxpayers is justly and fairly equalized. 48-5-300 Power to summon witnesses and require production of books and papers; contempt proceedings. a.) The county board of tax assessors may issue subpoenas for the attendance of witnesses and may subpoena of any person any books, papers, or documents which may contain any information material to any question relative to the existence or liability of property subject to taxation or to the identity of the owner of property liable to taxation or relevant to other matters necessary to the proper assessment of taxes lawfully due the state or county. Such subpoenas may be issued in the name of the board, shall be signed by any one or more members of the board or by the secretary of the board, and shall be served upon a taxpayer or witness or any party required to produce documents or records five days before the day upon which any hearing by the board in scheduled at which the attendance of the party or witness or the production of such documents is required. b.) If any witness subpoenaed by any county board of tax assessors fails or refuses to appear, fails or refuses to answer questions propounded, or fails or refuses to produce any books, papers, or documents required to be produced by an order of the board, except upon a legal excuse which would relieve the witness of the obligation to attend as a witness or to produce such documents before the superior court if lawfully required to do so, the person so failing or reusing shall be guilty of contempt and shall be cited by the board to appear before a judge of the superior court of the county. The judge of the superior court of the county shall have the same power and jurisdiction to punish the person failing or refusing to comply with the order for contempt and to require and compel the giving of the testimony or the production of the books and records as in cases of contempt committed in the presence of the court and as in cases pending in the court.
* taken from PERSONAL PROPERTY LAWS - O.C.G.A Title 48 Volume 36 - Revenue and Taxation