Duties Of The PVA
What is a PVA?
The Property Valuation Administrator (PVA) replaced the old title of "County Tax Commissioner" or what most people call the
Tax Assessor. The PVA office is to administrate "ad valorem" taxes. Ad valorem is Latin for "according to value" which bases taxes on the
value of property. The Kentucky Constitution describes property taxes as a tax on wealth rather than a tax on the individual. Section 172 of
the Kentucky Constitution requires all property to be assessed at Fair Cash Value, as of the assessment date January 1, unless specifically
exempted. Kentucky law provides for direct supervision on all PVA's by the Kentucky Department of Revenue. Each year the Revenue personnel
must perform studies on the PVA in each county to determine if constitutional and statutory requirements have been met. The PVA's tax roll
must meet required assessment levels and adhere to required standards of equity before the PVA's tax roll is accepted, and before tax rates
may be set or tax bills can be printed.
Remember the PVA office does not set tax rates, collect tax monies or send tax bills.
Duties Of The PVA
The Lyon County PVA is a locally elected official charged with assessing all property, both real and personal that lies within Lyon County. The PVA has the
right to change vehicle values according to the January 1 NADA guidelines, for high mileage, or with estimates of repair from two licensed automobile body shops.
Please remember that the vehicle is assessed to the owner as of January 1st of each year and it is the condition of the vehicle and mileage that determines value.
All property, unless specifically exempted by the Kentucky Constitution, is taxable. The Constitution expressly prohibits exemption of any property or persons
except those allowed by the Constitution itself. Therefore, taxation is the rule and exemption is the exception. Currently, examples of such exceptions are the
Homestead Exemption for age 65 and older and the Disability Exemption for 100% totally disabled persons, some religious, educational, and governmental properties, etc.
Your PVA Office DOES NOT determine how much tax you pay. We only assess the Fair Market Value of the property to be taxed. There are two components that determine
your property bill, ASSESSED VALUE and TAX RATE. The tax rate is determined by elected officials such as County Government, City Government, School Boards, and
taxing entities such as the extension service, soil conservation, water sheds and timber districts, library board, fire districts, and the health and mental health
departments. The PVA does not set property tax rates, nor do they collect property taxes.
Click here for Homestead / Disability Exemption Application
Please click on the link above for the application for the homestead age and disability exemptions. Submit the application, along with proof of Kentucky
valid driver's license and for 100% disability also include a copy of Medicare Health Insurance Card or a copy of your Notice of Award letter to Christie Cruce, Lyon County
PVA, P.O. Box 148, Eddyville, KY 42038.
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